History & Rules

Fencing is a combat sport involving the use of white weapons, such as swords and foils, in a duel between two opponents. It is an activity that requires tactical skills, quick reflexes and excellent coordination. Fencing is practiced at both the amateur and professional level, with competitions held all over the world.

Fencing has a long history dating back to ancient Greece and Rome. Originally, it was considered an essential skill for warriors and was taught as part of military training. Over the centuries, fencing has evolved its technique and rules from a martial practice to a competitive sport.

In modern fencing, there are three main disciplines: epee, foil and saber. Each of these disciplines has specific rules and requires different skills.


Swordsmanship is the oldest and most traditional discipline of fencing. The main objective is to strike the opponent with the point of the sword. In sword fencing, it is possible to hit any part of the opponent’s body.


Foil is a discipline that requires precision and control. Unlike epee, in foil you can only hit your opponent’s torso and torso. It is important to touch the opponent with the tip of the foil to earn a point.


Sabre is a dynamic and fast discipline. In saber fencing, valid blows can be given with the cut or the tip of the saber. This discipline is closer to real combat, with quick movements and decisive attacks.